The following is a list of Welsh Place Names that have been featured in Auntie’s Travels.
Aber: Can have a number of meanings based upon its geographical position. Often refers to the mouth or estuary of a river, but can also mean a small river or a confluence of two rivers.
Aberafan: refers to the Afon (River) Afan. The origin of Afon is uncertain, and may be very old, dating to the original Breton language spoken in Briton. The river’s name is old and there is no definite agreement on its origin. It may derive from “a Ann” meaning river in the original language. Another suggestion is that it is from “A-Ban” meaning “from the heights” due to its comparatively quick descent from hills to the sea.
Abergwaun: Mouth of the Afon Gwaun which enters the harbour at Abergwaun, or Lower Fishguard.
Blaenavon: literally means “front of the river” or loosely “river’s source”
Brianne: possibly of the mountains
Caerleon: City of the Legion. Towns beginning with “Caer” are often associated with Roman occupation.
Carreg: Rock, Stone
Carn (Garn): Cairn
Castell Caerreg Cennen: The castle on the rock above the (river) Cennen.
Cennen: Name of a river flowing from the Brecon Beacons through Carmarthenshire.
Cors (Gors): Bog
Crug: Barrow, cairn or hillock.
Cwm yr Eglwys: Church valley, or Church in the Valley.
Defynnog: Combining a personal name Dyfwn and the suffix og the name means ‘the territory belonging to Dyfwn’.
Dinas: A fort or camp
Dir: mutation from Tir means land
Ddu/Du: Black, dark
Fach: from Bach – small, little.
Faes: Field, Meadow. Mutated form of Maes
Fawr: from Mawr – large, big
Glan: bank, shore
Glyder: from the Welsh word “Gludair”, meaning a heap of stones
Goedog: Wooded, from Coed.
Garth: mountain ridge, promontory
Gwaelod: Bottom, lower.
Gwaun: Marsh, high and level wet moorland. Also a river name, see Abergwaun
Hafod: summer dwelling
Harlech: Beautiful rock
Idris: Idris was a giant who used a mountain as his seat – Cadair Idris
Llan: A llan usually refers to a church, or perhaps originally to the the enclosed land around the church where Christian converts had settled. Mostly used as a prefix e.g. Llanbedrog where the second name often, but not always, refers to an individual or saint. In this case Saint Pedrog.
Llanerch: glade or clearing. ￼
Llanerch-y-medd: Llanerch meaning clearing, glade and Medd from mead
Llech: a flat stone
Llechwedd: Hillside, slope
Lleyn: land of the Lageni (tribe)
Llwyd : grey, domes times anglicised to Lloyd.
Maen: Stone, rock
Maes: Field, meadow.
Maentwrog: Twrog’s stone. Twrog was a mythological giant.
Mawr (Fawr): Large, big.
Moel: Bare hill
Moel Hebog: Bare hill of the hawk.
Pandy: fulling mill
Penderyn: Bird’s Head. Pen = Head. Deryn = abbreviation of aderyn – bird.
Penmon: Pen (which can mean “head”, “end” or “promontory”) and Môn, which is the Welsh word for Anglesey.
Porth: Port, gate
Porthmadog: Madog’s port. Named after Madock, who developed the area.
Rhandirmwyn: Land of minerals
Rhos: Heath; moor.
Tomen: a motte (old castle); mound; heap
Trawsfynydd: across (the) mountain
Trwyn Du: Black nose
Tryfan: Three headed. From Tri – Three and Fan – hill, peak.
Twympath: mound, small hill
Ysgubor: barn, granary, farm building
Ystrad: Vale, wide valley