The following is a list of Welsh Place Names that have been featured in Auntie’s Travels.
Aber: Can have a number of meanings based upon its geographical position. Often refers to the mouth or estuary of a river, but can also mean a small river or a confluence of two rivers.
Aberafan: refers to the Afon (River) Afan. The origin of Afon is uncertain, and may be very old, dating to the original Breton language spoken in Briton. The river’s name is old and there is no definite agreement on its origin. It may derive from “a Ann” meaning river in the original language. Another suggestion is that it is from “A-Ban” meaning “from the heights” due to its comparatively quick descent from hills to the sea.
Abergwaun: Mouth of the Afon Gwaun which enters the harbour at Abergwaun, or Lower Fishguard.
Blaenavon: literally means “front of the river” or loosely “river’s source”
Brianne: possibly of the mountains
Caerleon: City of the Legion. Towns beginning with “Caer” are often associated with Roman occupation.
Carreg: Rock, Stone
Castell Caerreg Cennen: The castle on the rock above the (river) Cennen.
Cennen: Name of a river flowing from the Brecon Beacons through Carmarthenshire.
Cors (Gors): Bog
Cwm yr Eglwys: Church valley, or Church in the Valley.
Defynnog: Combining a personal name Dyfwn and the suffix og the name means ‘the territory belonging to Dyfwn’.
Dinas: A fort or camp
Dir: mutation from Tir means land
Ddu/Du: Black, dark
Fach: from Bach – small, little.
Faes: Field, Meadow. Mutated form of Maes
Fawr: from Mawr – large, big
Garn: a prominence.
Garth: a hill or headland. e.g. Gwaelod y Garth
Gelli: a grove or copse. e.g. Gelligaer.
Glan (Lan): a river or water bank or shore.
Glas (Las): blue (if water), green (if fields).
Glan: bank, shore
Glyder: from the Welsh word “Gludair”, meaning a heap of stones
Goedog: Wooded, from Coed.
Gwaelod: Bottom, lower. e.g. Gwaelod y Garth
Gwaun: Marsh, high and level wet moorland. Also a river name, see Abergwaun
Hafod: summer dwelling
Harlech: Beautiful rock
Idris: Idris was a giant who used a mountain as his seat – Cadair Idris
Llan: In Welsh place names beginning with Llan are very common, and commonly supplies a label for a church, often followed by the name of the saint associated with the church. Llan can also be a mutation of Glan, meaning on the banks of a river, and there are a number Llan place names without a direct link to a religious settle of saint’s name, an example would Llandaff, on the banks of the river Taff.
Llanerch-y-medd: Llanerch meaning clearing, glade and Medd from mead
Llech: a flat stone
Llechwedd: Hillside, slope
Lleyn: land of the Lageni (tribe)
Llwyd : grey, domes times anglicised to Lloyd.
Maen: Stone, rock
Maes: Field, meadow.
Maentwrog: Twrog’s stone. Twrog was a mythological giant.
Mawr: Large, big.
Moel: Bare hill
Moel Hebog: Bare hill of the hawk.
Pandy: fulling mill, an area where wool was prepared.
Penderyn: Bird’s Head. Pen = Head. Deryn = abbreviation of aderyn – bird.
Penmon: Pen (which can mean “head”, “end” or “promontory”) and Môn, which is the Welsh word for Anglesey.
Porthmadog: Madog’s port. Named after Madock, who developed the area.
Rhandirmwyn: Land of minerals
Rhos: Heath; moor.
Tomen: a motte (old castle); mound; heap
Trawsfynydd: across (the) mountain
Trwyn Du: Black nose
Tryfan: Three headed. From Tri – Three and Fan – hill, peak.
Ysgubor: barn, granary, farm building
Ystrad: Vale, wide valley